RCPCA Training Standards

Russian Community of the Person-Centered Approach 

(RCPCA)

Training standards

I Introduction:

The following standards are designed in accordance with the Strasbourg Declaration on Psychotherapy of 1990; World Association for Person Centered & Experiential Psychotherapy & Counseling (WAPCEPC) regulations; European Association for Psychotherapy (EAP) bylaws and ethical standards; Network of the European Associations for Person-Centered and Experiential Psychotherapy and Counseling (PCE-Europe/WAPCEPC) training standards and regulations; Russian Federation laws and regulations.

II Legal contradictions resolution:

The following standards follow the documents listed above. The Laws and national regulations acts of Russian Federation are always in priority to any other documents including international acts. If any subject is not regulated by the Russian Laws and governmental acts, the following standards follow international regulations listed above. These standards regulate only RCPCA training and certification procedures. If any part of these standards will contradict any state regulations, the state regulations must be applied instead. If the Law or any other state acts regarding the specific case are not existed, the standards must be applied instead.

III The subject of the standards application and the basic definitions:

The following standards regulate the procedures of Person-Centered Approach and Client-Centered Therapy (PCA & CCT) practitioners training and certification process as well as training programs and institutions accreditation process.

PCA-practitioner: person, who consciously uses and applies PCA and/or CCT in different settings including, but not limited to: psychotherapy, counseling, consulting, coaching, conflict mediation, education, social work, management, hr-development.

PCA/CCT practitioners can belong into one or more of the following categories: CCT-psychotherapist; CCT-Counselor; CCT-supervisor; CCT-trainer;

CCT-trainers-trainer; PCA-education specialist. These categories can be extended according to the real practice at the discretion of the RCPCA-Board or President.

PCA/CCT – training programs: long-term programs in the frames of which people can be trained to become PCA-practitioners

PCA/CCT – institution: an organization provides PCA/CCT training programs on a regular basis

IV Competency levels

PCA-counselor – person who can provide Client-Centered Counseling – psychological service, aimed at mentally healthy population toward the problems belong to the space ‘in between’ person and environment, and not related with the cardinal personality changes (e.g. occupational counseling, health-counseling, educational counseling, counseling psychology e.t.c.)

PCA-psychotherapist – person who provides psychotherapy (as defined by the Strasbourg Declaration, EAP and TAC regulations. [1]

PCA-supervisor – experienced PCA-practitioner (counselor/supervisor) who is educated and is given a right to provide supervision to other practitioners.

PCA-trainer – PCA-practitioner who is educated and certified to provide accredited training in PCA

PCA-trainers-trainer – PCA-practitioner, who is given a right to teach PCA-trainers

PCA-practitioners in the area (specific area) – practitioner at least at the level of counselor, who gets an additional training in the PCA-application at the specific setting (e.g. management, conflict mediation e.t.c.).

PCA-trainee (student) person who is in the process of studying to achieve the certain level of PCA-practice.

V Training courses standards:

PCA-education is understood as the facilitation of personalization, i.e. the development of the personality, of the trainee by a person-centered relationship and encounter between the trainers and the trainees aiming at the personal and professional abilities required to offer, establish, maintain and develop person-centred/experiential relationships with clients. It is an enterprise both orientated towards the process and experience as well as committed to a profound theoretical reflection of experiences and its settings must satisfy the followingrequirements in order to let the courses graduates be certified by the RCPCA as PCA-Practitioners:

  • 1)Counselor level:
  • a)Entrance requirements: an applicant must have University Degree at least at the equivalence of Bachelor (B.S./B.A – minimum 240 ECTS credits – 4 years of studying) with the major in the Human Science (Medicine, Psychology, Sociology, Education, Social Work e.t.c.).
  • b)The course must be at least 2 years long and must be consisted of at least 600 hours in total, including: at least 450 hours of theoretical and practical study (including group self-development praxis); at least 50 hours of personal psychotherapeutic experience or equivalent; at least 100 hours of clinical practice under regular supervision (including minimum of 30 hours of direct supervision)
  • c)The course must be provided only by the certified trainers. All professionals dealing with the training process (e.g. supervisors, fellow counselors e.t.c.) must have an appropriate recognizable qualification. Trainersmust participate either in an ongoing supervision group or in a peer “intervision” group for trainers.
  • d)The course settings must satisfy the followingrequirements:
  • It is carried out in relationships with different facilitators/psychotherapists/counsellors/teachers and in various settings in order to profit from diverse learning possibilities, to foster creativity and to acknowledge personal and cultural diversity(it is strongly recommended to involve at least 5 trainers and co-trainers into the training process during the whole course).
  • It is committed to a self-guided way of learning on the basis of empowerment and the ‘freedom to learn’ as postulated by Carl Rogers and to self-evaluation while meeting the requirements within the respective given legal and institutional frames.
  • Institutions and persons providing training are committed to clearly defined ethical standards, a continuous scientific development of theory and practice of the person-centered approach, to scientific research and to working together with similar institutions and persons on national and international levels.
  • e)In the frames listed above in both of its theoretical and practical parts the course content must:
  • Deal with the theoretical works of Carl Rogers and other person-centered and experiential theoreticians as well as the continuous development of the trainee’s own theoretical stances. The course must cover the basics of the PCA deeply highlighting historical, theoretical, methodological and philosophical fundamentals of its system as well as the current state of the PCA(It includes (but is not limited to) the following elements: Theory of person and human development throughout the life-cycle. An understanding of other psychotherapeutic approaches and their relations to the PCA. A theory of change and conditions facilitating changes. An understanding of social and cultural issues in relation to PCA. Psychopathology understanding in PCA – what is called ‘problem’. Counseling process and interventions in PCA).
  • Include the training of the concrete application of the PCA-conditions
  • 2)Psychotherapist level:
  • a)Entrance requirements: an applicant must have University Degree at least at the equivalence of Bachelor (B.S./B.A – minimum 240 ECTS credits – 4 years of studying) with the major in the Human Science (Medicine, Psychology, Sociology, Education, Social Work e.t.c.).
  • b)The course must be at least 4 years long and must be consisted of at least 1400 hours in total, including: at least 700 hours of theoretical and practical study (including group self-development praxis); at least 250 hours of personal psychotherapeutic experience or equivalent; at least 450 hours of clinical practice under regular supervision (including minimum of 150 hours of direct supervision).
  • c)The course must be provided only by the certified trainers. All professionals dealing with the training process (e.g. supervisors, fellow counselors e.t.c.) must have an appropriate recognizable qualification. Trainersmust participate either in an ongoing supervision group or in a peer “intervision” group for trainers.
  • d)The course on the level of psychotherapist may be joined with the course on the counselor level: training, therapy and supervision hours received during the counselor training may be taken into account and credited.
  • f)The course settings must satisfy the followingrequirements:
  • It is carried out in relationships with different facilitators/psychotherapists/counsellors/teachers and in various settings in order to profit from diverse learning possibilities, to foster creativity and to acknowledge personal and cultural diversity(it is strongly recommended to involve at least 5 trainers, co-trainers and supervisors into the training process during the whole course).
  • It is committed to a self-guided way of learning on the basis of empowerment and the ‘freedom to learn’ as postulated by Carl Rogers and to self-evaluation while meeting the requirements within the respective given legal and institutional frames.
  • Institutions and persons providing training are committed to clearly defined ethical standards, a continuous scientific development of theory and practice of the person-centered approach, to scientific research and to working together with similar institutions and persons on national and international levels.
  • g)In the frames listed above in both of its theoretical and practical parts the course content must:
  • Deal with the theoretical works of Carl Rogers and other person-centered and experiential theoreticians as well as the continuous development of the trainee’s own theoretical stances. The course must cover the basics of the PCA deeply highlighting historical, theoretical, methodological and philosophical fundamentals of its system as well as the current state of the PCA(It includes (but is not limited to) the following elements: Theory of person and human development throughout the life-cycle. An understanding of other psychotherapeutic approaches and their relations to the PCA. A theory of change and conditions facilitating changes. An understanding of social and cultural issues in relation to PCA. Psychopathology understanding in PCA – what is called ‘problem’. Therapy process and interventions in PCA).
  • Include the training of the concrete application of the PCA-conditions
  • 3)PCA-practitioner in the certain area

Person seeking for the certification as a PCA-practitioner in the specific setting (area) must met the following requirements:

  • a)Be certified on the level of at least the PCA-counselor
  • b)Achieve the sufficient training in the application of the PCA to the specific area practice (e.g. – management)OR demonstrate the sufficient level of expertise at the such application to the RCPCA-Board or President
  • 4)Supervisor level

Person seeking the certification of the PCA-supervision must:

  • a)Be a recognized PCA-psychotherapist with an active professional experience of at least 3 years or PCA-counselor with an experience of at least 5 years
  • b)Accomplish a course in the theory and practice of supervision provided by the certified PCA-trainer with the syllabus approved by the RCPCA board or PresidentOR complete an equal course provided by the recognized PCA-related organization OR practically give a solid proof to the RCPCA-board or President of one’s competence in the field of the supervision theory and practice.
  • 5)Trainer and trainers trainer levels
  • a)Person seeking for the trainers certification must be recognized PCA-therapist with an experience of at least 5 years or PCA-counselor with the experience of at-least 8 years
  • b)Candidate must have continuous personal psychotherapy experience on a regular basis as well as attending supervisions
  • c)Candidate must have an experience as an active supervisor
  • d)Specific requirements and evaluation procedures are being established and approved by the RCPCA-board for each trainers-development course
  • 6)PCA-institution
  • a)PCA-institution is an organization provides PCA-training, supervision and support for the PCA-practitioners.
  • b)To be certified as a PCA-institution an organizationmust met the following criteria:
  • Theremust be at least 5 PCA-practitioners involved into the institution activity
  • At least two of themmust be the recognized PCA-trainers met the requirement of at least 5 years therapy practice
  • Trainersmust participate either in an ongoing supervision group or in a peer “intervision” group for trainers.
  • An institutionmust provide an opportunities for PCA-practitioners to obtain training and/or supervision and/or self-development praxis.
  • An institutionmust follow the PCA principles in its activities and must not discredit or diminish them
  • An institutionmust be practically involved into the RCPCA activities (e.g. conferences, workshops e.t.c.)
  • c)The decision regarding the certification of concrete institution is to be made by the RCPCA-board

 

[1] ) Remark: according to the Russian Law ‘Of the basic principles of the psychiatric service provision’ (1992) Psychotherapy is defined as the ‘Medical specialization’. However, this condition is being broken by the fact, that state accredited educational institutions grant the degrees in clinical psychology with the area of specialization defined as ‘psychotherapy’. Such specialists are allowed to work with the ‘healthy’ population, providing psychotherapy as well as providing clinical psychology services to the mentally ill people. Taking this into account, this regulation can be considered as a ‘dead law’ in the part, where psychotherapy as a whole is considered as a ‘Medical specialization’.